The black and white “bamboo lover” which lives in the deep and cool bamboo jungles and commonly known as Giant Panda is a unique and solitary mammal. Giant Panda’s population is now only restricted in Szechuan, Shensi, and Kansu provinces of western and central China due to habitat loss and food destruction. The Giant Panda can be described as a bearlike mammal having a stocky, relatively short, barrel-shaped body which is normally of 160-180 cm in total length.
The biological name of Giant Panda is Ailuropoda melanoleuca and although it falls under the order of Carnivora but its diet is mostly consisting of bamboo plants. Giant Panda is a very slow moving animal so it is rarely seen in catching any prey. Giant Pandas as we have described earlier are solitary animals.
They are only observed together during their mating. Female Giant Pandas have the urge to mate twice a year and the desire for mating with their partner lasts only for two weeks. The male Giant Pandas follow the females through the discharge of their particular scent and after finishing the mate , they become again separate. The gestation period in female Giant Panda is about 125 – 150 days and she gives birth of 1-3 cubs in summer.
Due to massive increase in human population, the natural habitat of Giant Panda is badly affected. The bamboo forests are being eliminated ruthlessly which is ultimately causing starvation in Giant Panda. Nowadays, Chinese government is making special efforts to safeguard the remaining number of Giant Pandas in collaboration with World Wild Life Fund. Giant Panda, the black & white bamboo lover is a conservation reliant endangered species which is threatened due to unplanned farming and deforestation.
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