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Jaguar, the rare big cat

This beautifully spotted big cat was once found in a large number in the American continent. But today their population is under critical threat due to extreme hunting, habitat destruction and poaching and thus it has become one of the rarest animals on the planet earth. We are telling you about the splendid Jaguar , the rare big cat which loves to live in the tropical woodlands although they can also dwell in the dry forests and grasslands.

A thirsty Jaguar on a nearby water body

Presently the population of Jaguar in the United States specially in the states of Arizona, California , Louisiana , Mexico , New Mexico and Texas are listed endangered by the IUCN , the World Conservation. Sometimes Jaguars are also confused with Leopards but they can be recognized by their fur in tan and black colored rings and dots and some of the jaguars are also found in complete black coat. The tails of the jaguars can be increased up to 30 inches while the adult jaguar can weigh up to 200 lb to 260 lb. One of the distinguished quality of the Jaguars is that they are very good swimmers and they like to eat fish, reptiles and amphibians. On the land the diet of the jaguars includes deer and other small mammals.

Black Jaguar : Wild photo © Sikaris

Like other big cats, in the breading season, the female jaguar attracts her male by advertising the typical urinary smell and roars in a special vocalization. After the sexual mating the pair becomes apart from each other and the female jaguar may give birth to 1 to 4 cubs in one time. Color morphism is also common in the reproduction of jaguars.  The black and melanistic form of jaguar appears regularly with a ratio of 6 % from newly born cubs. Jaguars with melanism emerge entirely black, but with a keen observation their spots can be examined.

The Jaguars are critically in danger as they are mainly hunted in order to obtain their precious coat. The other main factors causing the increasing decline in the population of Jaguar , the rare big cat is deforestation and habitat loss. The natural disasters like hurricanes are also extremely dangerous for the population of Jaguars. Today numerous conservation plans are being implemented in order to safeguard jaguars from elimination. As Jaguars are also listed in the umbrella species , it is the most important to protect their habitat range because the salvation of their area will automatically ensure the conservation of many other species.

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