Ivory-billed Woodpecker of North America , a victim of ruthless habitat destruction was once found very largely in the thick and muddy forests of southeastern United States. It is the largest specie in woodpecker family which is listed as critically endangered and possibly extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Ivory-billed woodpecker is scattered now only very few in number in the lower Mississippi valley states , North Carolina , Florida , some parts of eastern Texas , Arkansas Kentucky, Missouri and Oklahoma.
The Ivory-billed Woodpecker is from the genus Campephilus and it is sometimes confused with the Imperial Woodpecker of Mexico and also with the Cuban Ivory-billed Woodpecker. But Ivory-billed woodpecker is genetically a separate specie from the above mentioned two species of woodpeckers. The average length of Ivory-billed woodpecker can be of 20 inches and their trailing feathers comprise of broad white patches. They are also unique due to their amazing vocalization “kent-kent” and “bam-bam”. One of their special quality is the continuous growth of their bill throughout their life. As the natural habitat of Ivory-billed woodpecker are the swamps and pine forests , their diet includes larvae of wood-boring beetles , fruits , seeds and insects etc.
The pair of Ivory-billed woodpecker incubate their china-white eggs together. The young Ivory-billed woodpecker leaves the parents’ territory at the end of the season. Ivory-billed woodpecker of North America hollows up the trees to build its nest. Normally the holes are observed elliptic and four to six inches in their sizes. Many recovery plans along with the conservation strategies for the Ivory-billed woodpecker are nowadays initiated by the authorities.
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