By definition, a tsunami is a tidal wave or a seismic sea wave caused by the displacement of a large volume of water. The consequences are sometimes fatal and only leave destruction behind. The deadliest tsunami recorded was the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, leaving a mark in history. The signs and threats are obvious and being safe should be everyone’s priority. So here are some bits of information about tsunami shelters and other ways to protect yourself in case an event occurs.
This information is vital for everyone, but it’s especially directed to people who live on the coast. If you feel a large earthquake approaching, it is possible that a tidal wave will hit your area in the following minutes.
One measure you must take when an earthquake strikes is to stay protected and to cover yourself.
If your local authorities announce that a tsunami is imminent, climb to higher ground or higher floors in order to gain some advantage towards the incoming wave.
If there is no high ground available, another safe alternative would be a forest. In this environment, you can avoid the great impact with the wave.
Another indicator that may save you life in the situation when local authorities announce that a tsunami is imminent, is the receding sea. If you see it retreating, put as much distance between yourself and the water.
Another safety measure is to stay away from rivers because tsunamis are able to reach the land and the rivers act as a conducting instrument for the massive amounts of water.
Better safe than sorry, don’t return to potentially threatened areas until the authorities announce that the danger passed.
Knowledge is power when it comes to threatening situations like an earthquake or a tsunami, so make sure you learn the details of the local warning systems.
Always plan ahead an evacuation route that leads to higher areas or grounds. In this way, you will feel more in control of the situation.
Know the warning signs of a tsunami: rapidly rising or falling coastal waters and rumblings caused by an offshore earthquake.
You need to keep in mind one lesson: you will not outrun a tsunami. It comes with a magnificent force and speed and nothing escapes its wrath.
The tsunami’s water is so strong that can wash away even concrete structures, so pick carefully what you climb on.
Don’t try to swim, the power of a tsunami is not to be underestimated because it can cause great injuries.
Surviving the tsunami is one thing, but you have to take into consideration its effects of the aftermath which include hypothermia and disease due to poor sanitation.
Shelters are life-saving buildings that are built for people in order to have a safe space where they can run to in cases of natural disasters.
This tsunami shelter was built thanks to a researcher at the Oregon State University College of Engineering who enabled middle school children to design, build and test a tsunami shelter.
Another shelter that will protect you against the rage of a tsunami is this floating SAFE+ construct. It is designed by the Japanese. What is also interesting about it is that it doubles as a karaoke booth in non-emergencies.
The Pod-like survival capsule was created by two aerospace designers who felt compelled to protect people from the devastating natural disasters.
Shirahama Tsunami Evacuation Structure is another Japanese construction to serve the purpose of protecting the people.
What is the most important thing when building a tsunami shelter? That is using concrete structures instead of wood. A good choice of concrete implies that it doesn’t crack under water pressure.
Shelters can come in different shapes or sizes, they can support a whole community or they can be small enough to support a family.
The tsunami shelters must be accessible and durable. These two characteristics have a great say in determining the rate of survival.
The tsunami shelter should have a strong steel framing. This applies also to any buildings that are placed in the coastal regions or in areas where other natural disasters such as hurricanes occur.
Ideally, the tsunami shelters should be built on high ground and have a stable platform to minimize the devastating effects of the tsunami wave.
Last but not least, consider this piece of advice: plant more trees. They might not stop the force of the tidal wave, but they can surely slow them down. The trees’ roots also have an important role: they keep the land in place and they’re keeping the landslides from happening.